Oak Parquet > What is parquet?

What is parquet?

Parquet is an umbrella term for wooden floors and can be divided into 3 groups:

  1. Semi Solid wood flooring or Engineered wood flooring.
  2. Solid Wood Flooring.
  3. Traditional/old fashioned Parquet wood flooring.

All these types of floors are real wood, as opposed to laminate, which is not made of real wood. Laminate, vinyl and veneer floors are often confused with engineered wood floors. Laminate uses an image of wood on its surface, vinyl is a plastic formed to look like wood, and veneer uses a thin layer of wood with a core that could be one of a number of different composite wood products (most commonly high-density fibreboard).

Semi Solid wood flooring or Engineered wood flooring

Semi Solid planks are composed of several layers: the top part, or the plank’s upper layer, is usually made of hardwood (oak); the bottom part, or the plank’s base, is usually 12 to 15 mm thick and is made of multiple layers of water-resistant birch multiplex. At FloorTeq B.V. the standard oak top layer is 3,5 or 5,0 mm thick (gross sizes are 4,2 mm and 6,0 mm).

In our factory, the two layers are compressed together with glue. The floors can be finished with either lacquer or oil/HardWaxOil. Semi solid planks consist of mulitple layers, which adds to the plank's stability. An engineered floor can be installed floating (not nailed or glued) and is very suitable for under-floor heating. An engineered floor has a tongue and groove on all four sides.


Solid Parquet

Every plank is made of solid wood (milled from a single piece of timber). Planks are usually 20 mm thick hardwood (oak). A Solid floor has a tongue and groove on four sides. Engineered wooden floor constructions consist of 3 to10 layers of wood (typically 5-6). Each layer of wood is called a “ply” and are oriented in different directions for strength and then glued together under pressure. This construction technique results in a wooden floor that is much more stable than a solid wooden floor (stability increases up to 80%), stable meaning the floor is less susceptible to shrinkage and expansion movement due to fluctuations in humidity or temperature.

Engineered wood flooring is perfect for places where solid wood may not be suitable, such as conservatories and over underfloor heating. Another advantage of engineered wood flooring is that the floor can be installed floating.

When the floor is installed you can't see the difference between an solid floor and engineered wood flooring. The thickness of the top layer varies from 2 to 6 mm, depending on your wishes.


Traditional/old fashioned mosaic parquet
The traditional mosaic parquet consists of boards that have a thickness of 6-8 mm which can be laid in strips or in a pattern. The most famous pattern is the herringbone (fish bone parquet). Other patterns include the Hungarian point  (CHEVRON, POINT DE HONGRIE), block pattern and braid. Laying a mosaic parquet floor takes a lot of time and is therefore very expensive. FloorTeq B.V. does not produce mosaic parquet. However, we do have an engineered wood flooring that can be laid in a herringbone pattern.

Mosaic Parquet/ Tapis Parquet Herringbone Engineered wood flooring