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Different types of finishes

Parquet and wooden floors can be obtained with different types of finishes such as matt lacquer, natural oil, satin lacquer, wax, stained, lye treatment, brushed, hand-scraped, smoked or aged.

Two types of oil can be used for planks oiled in the factory:

  1. Oxidative (air dried) oil generally leaves a thin layer of oil on the planks, and the planks need to be re-oiled after placing the floor.
  2. UV-ultraviolet oiled floors are dried with an UV-light, leaving the planks ready for use. Floors treated with the UV-ultraviolet oil generally have more shine to them than the air-dried floors. UV-oil is closely related to lacquer, and is a unique way to apply the oil at the factory and at the same time bring out the naturally beautiful colours of the wood. UV-oil protects the wood and is more resistant to scratches or wear compared to lacquer. Proper maintenance is important to keep your floor in good condition; it will need to be touched up with maintenance oil on a periodic basis.

FloorTeq B.V. finishes the floor with UV-hard wax oil. This oil is based on natural vegetable oils and waxes. FloorTeq B.V. has put together a collection of Spanish floors which have been finished with UV-oil and, depending on the colour, have been stained, smoked, brushed or aged.

Warning: wood is a natural product! Planks can differ slightly in colour because naturally present substances such as tannin may differ in amount between planks. The amount of tannin present in each plank can slightly alter the colour.

If you are looking for a very specific colour (such as the one of your kitchen cabinets, or pink for a baby’s room), please don’t hesitate to contact us and we will see what we can do for you. We work closely together with companies specialised in finishings. 

Brushing

Brushing the surface of the wood accentuates the natural structure of the woodgrain, giving the floor a 3D effect. Brushing removes the soft part of the woodgrain. By doing this the planks acquire a visibly sloping surface. The treatment is very subtle, and will be seen best on open parts of the floor. When a floor with a matt lacquer is brushed, it lifts the structure of the wood and it is hard to tell this treatment apart from an oiled floor. An additional benefit to a brushed floor is that scratches become inconspicuous.

Smoking

Oak floors are of old smoked to give the wood a deep and darker colour. Traditionally, ammonia is used for the smoking process. Ammonia reacts with the tannin in the wood, giving it a greenish hue. There are two problems with this type of treatment though: the amount of tannin in oak is unknown and the amount of tannin differs between oaks. This can cause discrepancies in colour between what the client expects and the colour of the floor. However, smoking does leave the wood with a beautiful colour.

 

Aging

Aging will give a "lived-through" feel to your floor. It will not look like a brand new floor and, depending on the aging technique, the floor will have small dents and damages to make it look older. After aging the wood, it is treated with oil and all possible splinters are brushed away, this makes it safe to walk on bare-footed.

 

Staining and lye-treatment

These are modern colouring techniques used to create unique wooden floors with an exclusive feel to them. After staining or treating with lye, the wood must always be treated with oil, hardwax UV oil, varnish or lacquer.